On January 21, 2021, in an effort to provide enforcement of more stringent worker safety standards, President Biden issued an Executive Order (‘EO”) on Protecting Worker Health and Safety. The EO specifically orders the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (“OSHA”) of the Department of Labor to:

  1. issue, within two weeks of the date of the EO, revised guidance to employers on workplace safety during the COVID-19 pandemic;
  2. consider whether any emergency temporary standards on COVID-19, including with respect to masks in the workplace, are necessary, and if such standards are determined to be needed, issue them by March 15, 2021;
  3. review the enforcement efforts of OSHA related to COVID-19 and identify any short-, medium-, and long-term changes that could be made to better protect workers and ensure equity in enforcement;
  4. launch a national program to focus COVID-19- related OSHA enforcement efforts on violations that put the largest number of workers at serious risk or are contrary to anti-retaliation principles;
  5. coordinate with states that have occupational safety and health plans [1] approved under section 18 of the Occupational Safety and Health Act (29 U.S.C. 667) (“Act”) to help ensure that workers covered by such plans are adequately protected from COVID-19, consistent with any revised guidance or emergency temporary standards issued by OSHA; and
  6. team with the U.S. Department of Labor’s public affairs office and OSHA’s regional offices nationwide to create and implement a multilingual outreach campaign to inform workers and their representatives of their legal rights, which will include “engagement with labor unions, community organizations, and industries, and place a special emphasis on communities hit hardest by the pandemic.”

Although the EO does not direct OSHA to issue emergency temporary standards, the agency is generally expected to do so. According to OSHA Standards Development, if issued, the emergency temporary standards would take effect immediately and last no longer than six months, unless adopted as a permanent standard. Of note, several states, including California, Oregon, Michigan and Virginia, have already implemented their own emergency standards.

We will continue to monitor for relevant developments and update as needed. If you have any questions, please contact the author or your Epstein Becker Green attorney directly.


[1] State plans are OSHA-approved workplace safety and health programs operated by individual states or U.S. territories. There are currently 22 state plans covering both private sector and state and local government workers, and there are six state plans covering only state and local government workers.